Tightly fitting massive timbers using time honoured traditional joinery and secured with hardwood pegs is what makes a true timber frame. Timber framing, which dates back as early as 200 B.C., is often referred to as the forgotten art. Consequently, there are countless frames, many centuries old, still standing throughout the world today. This age old craft is being well received across North America, largely due to the development of structural insulating panels. Because of this technology, the timber frame has become a cost effective and advanced energy efficient building medium. Because of these standards the timber frame home has and will continue to appreciate greatly.

This building system is one of the most energy efficient types of framing available and with the timbers being completely exposed to the interior of the building, it reveals the natural splendour and radiates the feeling of boundless strength and beauty.

The structural insulated panels are a lamination of drywall or pine on the inside, urethane foam insulating core (varying in thickness having a 7.7 r-value per inch) and 7/16 O.S.B. on the outside. This type of panel was initially developed in the 1950’s. Since then the foam has undergone major improvements making it very safe and environmentally friendly. the superior energy efficiency and the ease and speed of having the sheathing, insulation and interior finish applied in a single operation is what makes these panels and unbelievable building material.

Each of our buildings is specially designed for the client and uniquely one of a kind. The timbers we use most often are Red or White Pine, but other species are also available.

Once the design is approved and complete, we have timbers engineered to size, then sawn and/or planed to 1/16 of an inch consistently. The timber sizes can vary from 4 X 6 knee braces to 8 X 10 and larger rafters, 10 X 10 posts are commonly used. The method of attachment is then designed “Joinery being the heart of Timber Framing”.

Different types of the mortise and tenon are the most commonly used, but in each of our frames you could expect to see several different types of joints such as the Housed Dovetail, Scarf, Birdsmouth, Dutch Tusk along with many variations of these joints.

After all the joinery has been completed and pre-fitted in our shop, the timbers are then packaged and shipped to the building site.
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The timbers are then systematically assembled and erected to completion of the frame. At this point a pine bough is traditionally placed at the ridge to pay homage to the wood. The panels, which are also pre-cut with all window and door openings, are shipped to the building site a few days later to reduce the congestion of the site. They are installed along with the necessary wiring over the frame, creating a complete envelope over there structure. This time frame will vary of course, but the average home will take approximately 3 weeks to erect the frame and install the panels. Once the panels are installed over the frame, the walls and roof can be finished with any material that you use on a conventional building.

The cost of a Custom Woodworking Co. Timber Structure will vary with each design, but generally is 10% more than a conventionally built home. These costs are recovered annually with the savings from heating and cooling your timber frame home.

As materials and the general cost of a home are becoming more and more expensive, people are realizing that the huge investment we make in our homes should not be wasted on a lower standard building. At the Custom Woodworking Co. part of our commitment is to provide our client with the best possible value.